CASTLE SCHLAINING PEACE MUSEUM
The first floor houses the “Peace” section of the “European Museum for Peace” exhibition, the only comprehensive portrayal of the problems of peace and violence. There is a need for all strata of social and political life to work for peace, which requires local, regional and global activists, not only in politics and government, but above all in civilian society. Interaction at all levels, which is in keeping with the slogan “Think globally, act locally” is required to effectively develop and bring about peace.
Areas outside the main building contain the following exhibitions: special exhibition on “From feuds to courts - law and justice in the Middle Ages” and “Life and work in 1900”, Ludwig Toth’s folk collection, which is the biggest, most comprehensive and thematically well-rounded of its type in Burgenland, both in the Cannon Tower. The mezzanine floor contains the “Conflict” area, with exhibits concerning the history of the Österreichische Studienzentrum für Frieden und Konfliktlösung (ÖSFK)/Austrian Study Centre for Peace and Conflict Resolution (ASPR) and its work. There have always been, and will always be conflicts on every level of coexistence. It is not conflicts per se that imperil peace, but violent conduct and escalation thereof. Constructive conflict management is therefore a decisive factor in peaceableness. Conflicts must be played out without threat or use of violence.
“Ritter Baumkircher - Leben & Sterben im 15. Jahrhundert” (Knight Baumkircher - Life and Death in the 15th century) exhibition On 23 April 1471, despite being granted free passage by Emperor Frederick III, Andreas Baumkircher was beheaded by sword in Graz, without trial.
Just nine years previously, in 1462, the same Emperor had granted him the right to found the town of Schlaining. Stadtschlaining is using the 550th anniversary of the town’s founding as an opportunity to pursue the question of how Baumkircher’s beheading came about and how the Emperor’s former companion could become such a dangerous threat to the country, as part of a comprehensive retrospective entitled “Ritter Baumkircher”. What do we know about Andreas Baumkircher? What was life like for people in the Middle Ages, especially in the border areas around Stadtschlaining? Who were his friends and enemies? How did people in the 15th century fight and were there times of peace?
The exhibition covers the career of the daring aristocrat Baumkircher during the political intrigue between Emperor Frederick III and his main adversary, Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus. It portrays a period of radical change, because the 15th century was a time of unrest, full of battles, wars and intrigue. It was also the time when the Middle Ages came to an end and new ideas and technologies heralded the Renaissance. The individual sections in the exhibition cover “The Beheading”, “Restless Times: the political environment in the second half of the 15th century”, “Daily Life and the Economic System”, “The Baumkirchers”, “Feuds that laid waste to Styria” and “War at the end of the Middle Ages”.